by Ken Fox
Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice – New Issue
Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice / La Revue canadienne de criminologie et de justice pénale Volume 57, Number 1, January 2015 is now available.
- Unemployment, GDP, and Crime: The Importance of Multiple Measurements of the Economy
- Unintended Consequences of Multiple Bail Conditions for Youth
- Beyond Frequency: Perceived Realism and the CSI Effect
- Canadian Exclusion of Evidence Under Section 24(2) of the Charter: An Empirical Model of Judicial Discourse
- La perception du prestige des occupations illicites par des délinquants
- Book Reviews
Unemployment, GDP, and Crime: The Importance of Multiple Measurements of the Economy
Authors: Martin A. Andresen
Abstract: The relationship between unemployment and crime is complex and consists of two independent and counteracting mechanisms: the motivation effect and the guardianship/opportunity effect. Cantor and Land (1985) put forth a model that synthesizes these two effects and found that guardianship/opportunity dominates motivation. Recent work questions this result and the use of unemployment to measure economic performance. Instead, some of this new research uses a direct measure of the economy at the US state level – gross state product, for example. In the present article, the relationship between crime and economic performance is investigated using unemployment, gross domestic product, a hybrid modelling approach, and Canadian provinces as the unit of analysis. It is found that both unemployment and gross domestic product matter for crime, guardianship/opportunity explains more results than motivation, and the strength of either effect depends on the crime type being analysed. Read the rest of this entry »
By Sarah Roussel-Lewis
Books recently added to our catalogue from the University of Toronto Press:
Privatization is occurring throughout the public justice system, including courts, tribunals, and state-sanctioned private dispute resolution regimes. Driven by a widespread ethos of efficiency-based civil justice reform, privatization claims to decrease costs, increase speed, and improve access to the tools of justice. But it may also lead to procedural unfairness, power imbalances, and the breakdown of our systems of democratic governance. Civil Justice, Privatization, and Democracy demonstrates the urgent need to publicize, politicize, debate, and ultimately temper these moves towards privatized justice.
Dynamic Fair Dealing argues that only a dynamic, flexible, and equitable approach to cultural ownership can accommodate the astonishing range of ways that we create, circulate, manage, attribute, and make use of digital cultural objects.
The Canadian legal tradition strives to balance the rights of copyright holders with public needs to engage with copyright protected material, but there is now a substantial gap between what people actually do with cultural forms and how the law understands those practices. Digital technologies continue to shape new forms of cultural production, circulation, and distribution that challenge both the practicality and the desirability of Canada’s fair dealing provisions.
In the mid-1980s, the Abella Commission on Equality in Employment and the federal Employment Equity Act made Canada a policy leader in addressing systemic discrimination in the workplace. More than twenty-five years later, Employment Equity in Canada assembles a distinguished group of experts to examine the state of employment equity in Canada today.
The End of the Charter Revolution explores the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, beginning with a general background history, followed by a survey of the significant changes brought about as Charter decisions were made. The book covers a series of specific cases made before the Dickson, Lamer, and McLachlin Courts, before providing empirical data to support the argument that the Charter revolution has ended. The Supreme Court has without question become “a national institution of the first order,” but even though the Charter is a large part of why this has happened, it is not Charter decisions that will showcase the exercise of this power in the future.
Free to Believe investigates the protection for freedom of conscience and religion – the first of the “fundamental freedoms” listed in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms – and its interpretation in the courts. Through an examination of decided cases that touches on the most controversial issues of our day, such as abortion, same-sex marriage, and minority religious practices, Mary Anne Waldron examines how the law has developed in the way that it has, the role that freedom of conscience and religion play in our society, and the role it could play in making it a more open, peaceful, and democratic place.
The following are a few snippets of bills recently introduced into the Saskatchewan Legislature 4th Session, 27th Legislature (Oct. 22, 2014 to December 8, 2014):
Bill 174 – The Registered Teachers Act (1st Reading Dec. 3, 2014)
New Saskatchewan teachers regulation board unveiled, expected to take effect in late 2015.
Bill 177 The Insurance Act (1st Reading Dec. 4, 2014)
New Act repeals The Saskatchewan Insurance Act
By Sarah Roussel-Lewis
Some interesting reads to help you ease into your week:
- Alberta courts to end publishing judgments on own web sites (Legal Feeds)
- Crime at work: the sometimes criminal consequences of workplace misconduct (First Reference Talks)
- Five thoughts on Serial – episode 1 (Michael Spratt)
- A legal publisher and the McGill Guide (Slaw)
- Target’s exit from Canada likely bad for landlords ; some suppliers should do ok (Star Tribune)
- The value of library resources (Slaw)
- Wife rejects husband’s billion dollar settlement cheque (Family LLB)
By Ken Fox
By this time, everyone knows that primary law (legislation and case law) is free (or cheap at least), but for high-quality legal commentary you need to pay, right?
Perhaps not. Check out CanLII’s Commentary page. Under the heading “Works” there are four texts listed, each available in full at no cost to the user:
The first listed, Lancaster House’s eText on Wrongful Dismissal and Employment Law, is a full-length textbook of 23 chapters, updated four times annually, making it essentially a free online looseleaf service.
The Canadian Charter of Rights Decisions Digest is also a book-length etext. For each section of the Charter, there is an Overview, followed by a series of subheadings, each with summaries of recent cases.
The texts are individually searchable – just enter the title of the text under “Document title” and your search terms under “Document text” –
With this search, I can access 17 different sections in the Lancaster eText where disability is discussed in a wrongful dismissal context.
And finally, let’s not forget that CanLII’s commentary also includes CanLII Connects, a growing, national source of case comments and summaries.
I can’t say at this stage how fast or how far this free collection of legal texts will grow. My advice is to stay tuned.
By Melanie Hodges Neufeld
This month marks ten years since indoor public places went smoke-free in Saskatchewan. On January 1, 2005, amendments to The Tobacco Control Act came into effect banning smoking in bars, restaurants and other enclosed public places. CBC News reported on January 5 that some rural businesses were hit hard by the ban. Rural hotels saw a 25-30% drop in alcohol sales and one in five rural bars closed. However, CBC News also reported on January 6 that the smoking rate across the province has also decreased. In 2005, one in four people in the province were smokers, but now the rate is closer to one in five.
By Kelly Laycock
We’re probably all familiar with the expression, and from an early age – usually mom scolding us for being impolite at the dinner table, or some such scenario. But where does it come from? (Notice there are no apostrophes to mark possession. They are simple plurals. Just add s!) The origin of this very polite phrase is mired in rumour and speculation, and it seems a fanciful discussion to get us all back into the swing of things after the holidays. Read the rest of this entry »