Month: June 2017

300 Legal Dictionaries!

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By Ken Fox

Once again, HeinOnline has added to its digital offerings, this time with legal dictionaries – & yes, almost 300 of them. You may be wondering, how could there be so many? Well, the answer is that they are spread out across legal subject areas, historical periods (back to the 1500s), and legal jurisdictions.

Most of these dictionaries are not intended for everyday use – but for historical terms used in the common law, for cross-jurisdictional research, for foreign or technical terms, and for many other exceptional cases, you will find something here that will help.

And needless to say, if you are a legal scholar or curioso, this is a bibliographical feast.

Just to whet your appetite, here are a few included titles that caught my eye:

  • 5000 Criminal Definitions, Terms and Phrases, 4th ed (Fricke, Charles W. Los Angeles: Legal Book Store, 1961)
  • Australasian Judicial Dictionary (Bedwell, CEA. Sydney: The Law Book Co. of Australasia Ltd, 1920)
  • Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, new rev ed (Boston: Boston Book Co, 1897)
  • Criminal Slang: The Vernacular of the Underworld Lingo, Rev ed (Monteleone, Vincent Joseph. Boston: Christopher, 1949; Clark, NJ: Lawbook Exchange, 2003)
  • Cyclopedic Law Dictionary Defining Terms and Phrases of American Jurisprudence, of Ancient and Modern Common Law, International Law, Civil Law, the French and Spanish Law, and Other Juridical Systems, 3d ed (Shumaker, Walter A. Chicago: Callaghan and Co., 1940)
  • De Verborum Significatione: The Exposition of the Termes and Difficill Vvordes, conteined in the Fovre Bvikes (Edinbvrgh: Printed be Robert VValde-graue, Printer to the Kingis Majestie, 1597)
  • Dictionary of Canon Law, 2nd ed, rev (Trudel, P. St Louis: B Herder, 1920)
  • Dictionary of Contemporary International Law (Diliman, Quezon City: College of Law, University of the Philippines, 2011)
  • Dictionary of the Underworld, British & American. Being the Vocabularies of Crooks, Criminals, Racketeers, Beggars and Tramps, Convicts, the Commercial Underworld, the Drug Traffic, the White Slave Traffic, Spivs (Partridge, Eric. New York: Macmillan, 1950)
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature & General Information; the Three New Supplementary Volumes Constituting with the Volumes of the Latest Standard Edition, 13th ed (London: The Encyclopaedia Britannica Co, Ltd, 1926)
  • Encyclopedic Dictionary of Roman Law (Berger, Adolf. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1953)
  • English Dictionary: Explaining the Difficult Terms That Are Used in Divinity, Husbandry, Physick, Phylosophy, Law, Navigation, Mathematicks, and Other Arts and Sciences (Coles, Elisha. London: Printed by Samuel Crouch, 1676; Clark, NJ: Lawbook Exchange, 2006)
  • Glossary of HIV/AIDS-Related Terms (Rockville: Dept of Health & Human Services, 1995)
  • Glossary of Mediaeval Welsh Law: Based upon the Black Book of Chirk (Lewis, Timothy. Manchester: University press, 1913; Clark, NJ: Lawbook Exchange, 2006)
  • Law-French Dictionary Alphabetically Digested; Very Useful for All Young Students in the Common Laws of England: To Which Is Added, the Law-Latin Dictionary, photo reprint (Clark, NJ: Lawbook Exchange, 2004)
  • Legal Terms and Obligations Common to the Farm Business (Weeks, Silas B. Ithaca, NY: New York State College of Agriculture, 1957)
  • Military Law Dictionary (Dahl, Richard C; Whelan, John F. New York: Oceana Publications, 1960)
  • Quote It: Memorable Legal Quotations Data, Epigrams, Wit and Wisdom from Legal and Literary Sources (Gerhart, Eugene C. New York: C Boardman Co, 1969)
  • Ragbag of Legal Quotations (Albany: M Bender, 1960)
  • Selection of Legal Maxims, Classified and Illustrated (Broom, Herbert. Philadelphia: T & JW Johnson, 1845)
  • Verborum Significatione: The Exposition of the Termes and Difficill Wordes, Conteined in the Foure Buiks of Regiam Maiestatem (Skene, John. London: Printed by EG, 1641)

To access this remarkable collection, log in to HeinOnline (through the Members Section, if you are a Saskatchewan lawyer). Look for grey menu strip near the top of the screen and click on the word “Databases” at the far left. Then, under “Browse Databases by Name,” click on “Legal Dictionaries.” You can browse by title or by country.

For more information, or to request research assistance, contact the library.


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Saskatchewan Proclamations

  • The Provincial Capital Commission Act, SS 2017, c P-30.011, also known as Bill 50, was proclaimed into force June 12, 2017. According to the government’s news release, the bill aims to stabilize the funding for Wascana Centre and streamline the management and operations.
  • Sections 11, 12, and 38(1)(c) of The Education Amendment Act, 2013, SS 2013, c 9 also take effect on June 12.

Canada Proclamations

  • The Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act, SC 2017, c 8, except s 43 (which came into force on assent) is proclaimed into force August 1, 2017 (PC 2017-0837).
  • Sections 5, 6(3) and 6(4) of the Protecting Canadians from Unsafe Drugs Act (Vanessa’s Law), SC 2014, c 24, are proclaimed into force June 20, 2017 (PC 2017-0776).
  • Sections 47(2), 48, 101, 102 and 121 to 123 of the Environmental Enforcement Act, SC 2009, c 14, take effect on July 12, 2017 (PC 2017-0559). This amendment updates the penalties and liability provisions of the Canada Wildlife Act, the Migratory Birds Convention Act, and the Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act.



One Book One Province: Saskatchewan Libraries Promoting Culture

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Alan Kilpatrick, Reference Librarian, Law Society of Saskatchewan Library & Member-at-Large, Saskatchewan Library Association Board

In 2017, the Saskatchewan Library Association (SLA) celebrated 75 years of steadfastly advocating for libraries, culture, and communities in Saskatchewan. To help mark the occasion, the SLA held Saskatchewan’s inaugural provide-wide literacy and reading campaign, One Book One Province (One Book) in March.

One Book encouraged Saskatchewan’s residents to read The Education of Augie Merasty: A Residential School Memoir by Joseph Auguste Merasty and David Carpenter throughout that month. The memoir, published by the University of Regina Press, describes Merasty’s painful experiences as a student at a residential school in Northern Saskatchewan in the mid-1930s.

Beyond simply promoting literacy in Saskatchewan, One Book’s goal was to encourage residents to learn about and discuss residential schools, Indigenous culture and reconciliation, and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. SLA’s intent was to provide “opportunities for residents to become more socially engaged in their community through a shared story.” Libraries across the province were encouraged to host community events about the memoir. In addition, the co-author, David Carpenter, participated in a province-wide reading tour.

Unfortunately, Merasty passed away at the age of 87 mere days before One Book’s launch on March 1. One Book One Province was a fitting tribute to his memory and legacy.

Here, co-author and friend David Carpenter reflects on touring the province in March 2017 to promote the book for One Book One Province, in the days immediately following Merasty’s passing.


A Sad Beautiful Story
One Book One Province Tour of Saskatchewan

David Carpenter, Excerpt courtesy of the University of Regina Press
Joseph A. Merasty and David Carpenter
University of Regina Press
ISBN: 978-0-88977-457-5


February 27. Saskatoon.

Augie Merasty died this morning. His youngest daughter, Arlene, phoned first, then his older daughter Joanne, then Anne Pennylegion of the Saskatchewan Library Association. They were all stricken by his sudden passing, Arlene perhaps the most. It hit all of us with the weight of unexpected things. I thought Augie had more time left, because even in the throes of cancer, diabetes, alcoholism, and life on the street, even in his eighties, he had always bounced back. Some say he died at eighty-eight, some say eighty-seven. Depends who you ask.

He died around the time that I was packing up a supply of his books in preparation for my One Book One Province tour of Saskatchewan. This tour is taking me to eleven communities: two in Saskatoon, one in Regina, and eight more in mostly rural Saskatchewan. At each venue I will speak about the process of putting together The Education of Augie Merasty, Augie’s memoir of a brutal existence in St. Therese Residential School from 1935 to 1944. The northern junket up to Prince Albert and beyond is now in jeopardy. The original idea was that I would present with Augie and his daughter Arlene. I would talk about the making of the book and Augie and Arlene would take the story into his life as a father, hunter, fisherman, trapper, boxer, jack of all trades, survivor, memoirist. This was going to be the highlight of the tour of the new edition of his book, and we were all up for it. Most exciting of all, I would get to gab with Augie one more time.

Right now I am preparing for my Saskatchewan Augie tour, but without Augie in the world anymore. I’ve already had a warm-up for the tour with a presentation at a Catholic High in Saskatoon, one of two high schools who pulled the book from the curriculum because some students dreaded the possibility of engaging with its dark truths. So I talked with the students about such things as truth and reconciliation, and about the historical connections between the two. A devoted teacher and a nice bunch of teenagers, but a minority of them were probably not ready for a plunge into the cold hard realities of torture, sexual violence and predation. The other school in Saskatoon simply cancelled my visit, probably because of similar fears. They’re studying this book at the venerable girls’ private school in Toronto, Bishop Strachan, but Saskatoon is perhaps a little too close to home for such truths.

If there is a chance for me to act on the need for reconciliation in this country, in this year of reconciliations, this is it. Augie delivered the truth to me in handwritten stories from 2001 to 2009, stories of shocking brutality that came through the re-opened trap-door of his memory. He began with a comforting catalogue of gentle memories of all the brothers, sisters and priests who cared for the children with kindness and love. Then he made for the dark corners of his life at St. Therese Residential School, where he was singled out for torture, sexual assaults and cruelty from about the age of seven until he left the school around age fourteen.

That is the truth. How might this reconciliation work for me? What exactly can I do?

March 8. Prince Albert.

By my count, there are close to two hundred and fifty people in the gym. I did not expect this because the weather is so bad.

Just as the ceremony is about to begin, our elder for the day arrives. I’ve already met her before, Augie’s sister Gertie. She might still be in her seventies, but only now do I realize what a beautiful face she has, a warm smile, a calming presence. To everyone she is Gertie, and no one mentions a last name. A few white teachers and officials from the college are out there, but perhaps ninety per cent of the audience is made up of Cree and Métis students and Indigenous members of the community.

Needless to say, I am thrilled to behold this audience.

I talk for about forty minutes about my symbiotic relationship with Augie. Obviously, he could not have assembled a book like this without me, but just as obviously, I could never come up with this riveting story without Augie. He suffered for it, but he delivered it. His life was not lucky, but our coming together felt lucky to me, this marriage of two different minds made in Heaven—because in 2001, Augie simply dropped out of the sky. I happened to pick up a telephone on the right day, and soon after that, the story began to unfold. Frequently, Augie was hard to work with and impossible to find when I needed him to answer questions and to finish his manuscript. Frequently, I dreamed of chucking the whole project. Only now can I see that, when we had to be, Augie and I were a good team.

I move away from the mic to a warm applause, and Augie’s daughter, Arlene, approaches the mic. Her sister Katherine is up there too. Katherine has just told me about Augie’s favourite park bench, the one on River Street with a view of the big bridge over the North Saskatchewan River. This bridge, she told me, was the one from which her brother fell to his death, and no one could save him. This was the last moment of his life, and Augie sat on his bench and observed it countless times as though he might commune with this last fatal moment.

Arlene Merasty has never had problems standing up to a big audience, be it live or televised or recorded on national radio. She tells stories about her father in front of a hushed audience, and the one I will cherish the most is the story about her dad’s trapline. One winter afternoon, Arlene, her dad, and some other family were relaxing in Arlene’s place in Prince Albert. Augie rose up and declared that he was going to check his trapline. Arlene had no idea what Augie meant, as they were living in the middle of the city. Hours later Augie returned to the house with a pole at the back of his neck suspended over his shoulders. On one side of the pole were three dead rabbits, and three more on the other side of the pole. Augie gutted and cleaned the animals and they all had a great feast.

“What did you do?” Arlene asked her dad. “Raid a pet store?”

“My trapline,” Augie replied.

“What trapline?”

Augie replied, “The golf course.”

With her memories of her father, Arlene absolutely stole the show. There is lot of love in the hall today.

I took my place at the book table to do some signing, and the line of readers was very long. One of the students in line, perhaps nineteen or twenty, declared, “Mr. Carpenter, I want you to know, we did this book real deep!” Reactions like that to Augie’s story really make me smile. At a time when some educators push books to the bottom of the agenda, it’s wonderful to encounter passionate readers and their teachers. Today they treat Augie’s memoir like a saint’s relic. And the testaments keep on coming all along the line, Cree and Métis readers and their devoted teachers. Today we are all part of a sad beautiful story.


This article was originally published in the 2017 Summer Issue of the Benchers’ Digest. Be sure to check it out for more great articles relating to National Aboriginal Day.


The Efforts of Two Saskatchewan Lawyers to Preserve the Battleford Industrial School Cemetery

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Kelly Laycock, Publications Coordinator

A cairn at the Battleford Industrial School in Battleford, SK, erected in 1975 after more than 70 unmarked graves were excavated in the cemetery. (Photo credit: Jim Cairns/Wikimedia Commons)

Saskatchewan lawyers Benedict Feist and Eleanore Sunchild are helping in the fight to gain heritage status for the graveyard at the Battleford Industrial School, a former residential school site that operated from 1883–1914. Hundreds of Indigenous students attended the school during that time, but not all of them survived it.

The cemetery was opened in 1884 because of student deaths at the school. Tuberculosis and influenza, among other illnesses, were an issue at that time.

The cemetery was almost forgotten, until a group of archaeology students and staff from the University of Saskatchewan took an interest and excavated more than 70 graves. Fifty bodies were identified as students named in school records. At that time, a small memorial was erected to commemorate those students.

But the cemetery is once again the topic of conversation, as it was named in the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s report[1] in 2015:

Many of the cemeteries in which students were buried have long since been abandoned. When the Battleford school in Saskatchewan closed in 1914, Principal E. Matheson reminded Indian Affairs that there was a school cemetery that contained the bodies of seventy to eighty individuals, most of whom were former students. He worried that unless the government took steps to care for the cemetery, it would be overrun by stray cattle. Such advice, when ignored, led to instances of neglect, with very distressing results. [footnotes omitted]

Ben and Eleanore, along with members of First Nations communities in the area and the Battlefords’ Historical Society, are spearheading a commemorative project after reading the recommendations of the TRC’s Calls to Action Report. The group held a public information session at the North Battleford Public Library on May 3 to outline the history of the school and the cemetery site, and there seems to be community support in pursuing the project.

The goal is to have the graveyard and cairn recognized with official cemetery status, and Ben wants permanent preservation, protection and accessibility of this and other residential school cemeteries in the Battlefords area.

“I would like it to be a historical site, so that it’s preserved and it can be used for educational purposes,” Eleanore told the Battlefords News-Optimist in an article from May 8, 2017. “There’s a lot of schools that want to see it because it is part of the whole history regarding residential schools and calls to action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, so it is something that is important to the community.”

They have a lot of work yet to do, and they want local First Nations communities and residential school survivors to lead the movement. The information session was a good first step in bringing awareness to their project and the importance of recognizing the legacy left from residential schools, which goes beyond just the Battlefords region.

“It is very important because we all suffer the effects of Indian residential schools, whether we are native or non-native,” Eleanore says. “We deal with the intergenerational effects in our society. We see it in this community. I think there is a divide between our people, and a lot of that stems from the schools.”[2]

To read more about the cemetery and the importance of preserving it, please see an article by Eleanore Sunchild and Benedict Feist, published on page 10 of the Summer Issue of the Benchers’ Digest.

[1] Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Canada’s Residential Schools: Missing Children and Unmarked Burials, in The Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, Vol. 4 (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2015), 10.

[2] Quoted from “Battleford Industrial School cemetery project discussed” by John Cairns, in Battlefords News-Optimist, May 8, 2017.

National Aboriginal Day

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Kelly Laycock, Publications Coordinator

“In cooperation with Indigenous organizations, the Government of Canada chose June 21, the summer solstice, for National Aboriginal Day. For generations, many Indigenous Peoples and communities have celebrated their culture and heritage on or near this day due to the significance of the summer solstice as the longest day of the year.”
—Government of  Canada website, About National Aboriginal Day

National Aboriginal Day falls on June 21 every year since 1996, when the Governor General of Canada, Roméo LeBlanc, announced it through proclamation. According to the Government of Canada’s website, “This is a day for all Canadians to recognize and celebrate the unique heritage, diverse cultures and outstanding contributions of First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples. The Canadian Constitution recognizes these three groups as Aboriginal peoples, also known as Indigenous Peoples.”

It has become an opportunity for people across the country to celebrate the distinct heritage, cultural practices, spiritual beliefs and languages of Aboriginal peoples that form a part of our collective history in Canada.

National Aboriginal Day was the result of consultations and statements of support for such a day made by various Indigenous groups.

  • In 1982, the National Indian Brotherhood (now the Assembly of First Nations) called for the creation of National Aboriginal Solidarity Day;
  • In 1995, the Sacred Assembly, a national conference of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people chaired by Elijah Harper, called for a national holiday to celebrate the contributions of Indigenous Peoples;
  • Also in 1995, the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples recommended the designation of a National First Peoples Day.

The date of June 21, the summer solstice and longest day of the year, was selected in cooperation with Indigenous organizations because of its significance for many Aboriginal communities.

In 2009, June was declared National Aboriginal History Month after the House of Commons passed a unanimous motion to recognize the historic contributions and the strength of Indigenous communities across the country today.

More Resources:

Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada website offers a page of learning resources for both children and adults, as well as a number of links to programs and initiatives they are supporting to advance reconciliation.

Multicultural Council of Saskatchewan has an excellent list of Indigenous informational resources:


Aboriginal Day Live 2017

Join the Gathering or Watch from Home

Be sure to catch Aboriginal Day Live, a live broadcast of free concerts and activities happening in eight Canadian cities hosted by the Aboriginal Peoples Television Network.

It started in 2007 as a small concert series for Aboriginal artists, held in a park outside the network’s headquarters in Winnipeg. Since then, the gathering has evolved into a multi-city celebration and, according to their website, “features some of the biggest names in Aboriginal music and television, including JUNO Award winners and on-the-rise artitsts. It showcases talent from all genres, regians and nations, ensuring the recognition and inclusion of all First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples.”

Victoria Park, Regina

The City of Regina, along with their partners, has developed a National Aboriginal Day (NAD) event that will take place in downtown Regina, Saskatchewan, on June 21, 2017. The festivities will include a main stage with Indigenous entertainment, Indigenous crafters/artisans, information booths and children’s activities.

Victoria Park, Saskatoon

The Office of the Treaty Commissioner asks you to join them for the 2nd Annual “Rock Your Roots” Walk for Reconciliation in Victoria Park, Saskatoon. The walk is part of many activities in the park, starting with a Pipe Ceremony at 7:30am.

This article was published in the 2017 Summer Issue of the Benchers’ Digest. Be sure to check it out for more great articles relating to National Aboriginal Day.

Access to Justice Bulletin, June 2017

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From the Saskatchewan Access to Justice Working Group

Saskatoon lawyer Janice Gingell helps people access legal advice even after retiring:

Harvard Law School’s Access to Justice Lab aims to challenge legal exceptionalism:

University of Saskatchewan project tackles access to justice issues:

Fifth version of National Self-Represented Litigants Project’s Access to Justice Annotated Bibliography released, featuring new section on unbundling and legal coaching:

Access to justice should be priority for robot lawyers:

British Columbia’s Civil Resolution Tribunal offers an online option for small-claims disputes:

CLASSIC’s Chantelle Johnson striving tirelessly for equity:

New videos in Nova Scotia provide an overview on common family justice topics:

Supreme Court chief justice, known for access to justice leadership, to retire:

New report of Legal Services Corporation explores “The Justice Gap: Measuring the Unmet Civil Legal Needs of Low-income Americans”:

University of Saskatchewan College of Law associate professor Sarah Buhler talks about her work in the area of access to justice through community-engaged research:

Site for crowdfunding justice comes to United States:

Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission Speaker Series to feature Harold Johnson, crown prosecutor and award-winning author on June 27, 2017 in Saskatoon. RSVP to by June 26.