By Ann Marie Melvie, Librarian, Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan
and Joanne V. Colledge-Miller, MacPherson Leslie & Tyerman LLP
So far, our posts about the Citation Guide for the Courts of Saskatchewan have primarily focused on the citation of case law and legislation.
This post focuses on changes made to the citation of secondary sources. Periods are removed, unless they appear in an author’s name or in the title of their written work. Loose-leaf materials, as well as journal articles accessed from electronic databases, are cited a bit differently. Let’s explore.
When books are in loose-leaf form, they can be continually updated if the library or law firm has a subscription. The advantage of subscribing is that the item will be relatively up-to-date. But sometimes, libraries and law firms will either cancel their subscriptions or not update their materials immediately, for whatever reason. At that point, the loose-leaf publication becomes, in essence, a textbook. It continues to be a useful resource, but won’t contain the most current information.
To recognize the different nature of loose-leaf materials, the Guide has implemented a couple of changes. First, be sure to indicate in your citation that the material you are referring to is a loose-leaf publication. Second, indicate the release number of the latest release. Generally, this information is located on a publisher’s note filed either at the beginning or end of the material, though this is dependent on the practice of the person who updates the materials. There may also be a “Filing Record”, or similarly named tab, that lists all releases that have been filed. If you are unsure where this information is located, check with the librarian or the person in your office responsible for updating these materials.
As the following examples illustrate, the citation should indicate that the reference is to a loose-leaf and provide the release number, which will likely include a date:
Mark M. Orkin, The Law of Costs, loose-leaf (Rel 44, June 2014) 2d ed, vol 2 (Toronto: Canada Law Book, 2014) at para 402.
Tim Quigley, Procedure in Canadian Criminal Law, loose-leaf (2014-Rel 1) 2d ed (Toronto: Carswell, 2005).
(Note: The bolding in these examples is only to highlight this information and would not normally be used.)
Citations to journal articles obtained from electronic databases are also handled a bit differently. This change mirrors the requirements set out previously with respect to citing pinpointed references from case law accessed from an electronic database. Electronic databases that contain journal articles will sometimes add paragraph numbers where they did not exist in the print version. If you are pinpointing to a specific paragraph from a journal article pulled from an electronic database, then be sure to include the database identifier in the citation. For example:
Jamie Carlson et al, “On the Road to Fairness: Redesigning Saskatchewan’s Administrative Tribunal System” (2010) 73 Sask Law Rev 309 (QL) at para 22.
This is our last in a series of posts on The Citation Guide for the Courts of Saskatchewan. We hope you have found these posts to be helpful and informative. We also hope you find the Guide to be a user-friendly, simplified resource that enables you to consistently and accurately refer to legal authorities.
|This is the final part of a 7-part series on the Citation Guide for the Courts of Saskatchewan: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6|
Ann Marie Melvie is the Librarian at the Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan, having served in this position since 2001. She received her Bachelor of Education from the University of Saskatchewan and her diploma as a Library Technician from SIAST.
Joanne V. Colledge-Miller is currently an associate at MacPherson Leslie & Tyerman LLP, practicing in the areas of commercial litigation and class actions.